july 10,11,12…combo….hindu news crunch

July 9

1)Kerala has announced reduction

of Value Added Tax

(VAT) on Aviation Turbine

Fuel (ATF) from the existing

4% to 1% for airlines ready to

operate in the State under

the Union government’s

UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam

Naagrik) scheme, an endeavour

to make r

2) The Advanced Centre for Atmospheric

Radar Research

at the Cochin University of

Science and Technology

(Cusat), which operates the

estimated ₹25-crore Advanced

Centre for Atmospheric

Radar Research

(ACARR), is going global.

In a major scientific collaboration,

ACARR will join

hands with the Swedish Institute

of Physics, which operates

the Moveable Atmospheric

Radar for Antarctica

(MARA ), a 54 MHz wind-profiler

radar. The facility is

used during summer expeditions

in Antarctica.


3) ‘Selfie account,’ one of the

latest trends in digital

banking that offers the

comfort of opening fresh

bank accounts using one’s

mobile phone to furnish the

basic KYC (Know Your

Customer) norms with a

selfie shot, is slowly catching

up among the State’s rural



4) In a major relief to airlines, the import

of aircraft on lease will be exempted

from the Goods and Services

Tax (GST), the Finance

Ministry said in a notification on



5) Besides deciphering the mechanism

by which TB bactria can

develop resistance against Augmentin,

the researchers have

found ways of overcoming this potential

resistance mechanism,

thereby making Augmentin a potentially

powerful drug to treat

both multidrug-resistant TB (MDRTB)

and extensively drug-resistant


The beta-lactam class of antibiotics

such as penicillin, ampicillin

and amoxicillin is one of the most

widely used class of antibacterial

drugs. Despite its ability to kill

several types of bacteria, the betalactam

antibiotics have never

been used against TB bacteria.

This is because TB bacteria are

naturally resistant to this class. TB

bacteria inherently produce an

enzyme called beta-lactamase

which breaks down beta-lactam

class of antibiotics (through hydrolysis)

and makes the drug ineffective

against TB disease.

One of the strategies of getting

around using the beta-lactam

class of antibiotics is developing

an inhibitor against betalactamase

enzyme. Clavulanic

acid is one such inhibitor, which

blocks the beta-lactamase enzyme.

Augmentin, which is a combination

of a beta-lactam antibiotic

(amoxicillin) and

beta-lactamase inhibitor (clavulanic

acid), can thus be an effective

drug against TB bacteria.

6) A team of six scientists has discovered

the presence of a large

number of what are known as giant

radio galaxies (GRGs) across

the universe. Such galaxies are, as

the name suggests, huge, and the

smallest one in this batch that has

been discovered could big enough

to hold 33 copies of the Milky Way

placed next to each other. The

galaxies have a supermassive

black hole, which could be even

billions of times as massive as the

Sun, at their centre. Jets of

charged particles are ejected from

this black hole at very high

speeds, close to that of light. In

fact, the jets reach out to a distance

even larger than the giant

galaxies which host them, making

the galaxy prominent when imaged

with a radio telescope.

7) It was thought cancer spreads

from the tumour to the lymph

nodes supplying that area and

thereby to distant organs. This

sequential progression model

is now found to hold true for

only one-third of people. In

the rest, spreading to distant

organs and lymph nodes rose

from independent sub clones

in the tumour.

8) A recent study shows that tea plantations

in the Western Ghats harbour

less-diverse bat communities

— that perform fewer ecological

functions — than those found in coffee

estates and forests. Protecting

existing forest fragments and river

stretches in such intensively-cultivated

landscapes could be crucial for

bats, which are important insect

controllers, pollinators and


9) An editorial in the American Journal of

Clinical Nutrition in 2015 agrees with much

of the conclusions drawn on the positive

effects of cocoa on memory retention and

gain, and points out that unsweetened and

unprocessed dark cocoa powder would be

the best, while that processed with alkali

(which is paler, and more common in

candy-bars) is less effective.

10) Researchers have adapted an existing

diagnostic test for malaria to predict

the dangerous complications that

sometimes arise after the parasite is

eradicated from patients’ blood. An

estimated 3.2 billion people in 95

countries are at risk of malaria infection, and even though

treatment with a class of drugs called artemisinin is associated

with fatality rates lower than 5%, some patients receiving

these agents develop severe anaemia weeks after clearance of

the parasite

11) In a pilot

study, researchers found that participants who took high doses

of vitamin D within an hour of sunburn experienced a reduction

in swelling and inlammation.

12) What is Xicc

++ ?

It’s a new kind of quark, or a subatomic particle, that is a basic

building block of matter. Something like the Xicc++ was known to

exist in theory since decades but was inally ‘observed’ by

physicists working at the Large Hadron Collider facility in

Geneva and made public last week. Nearly all the matter that

we see around us is made of baryons, which are common

particles composed of three quarks, the best-known being

protons and neutrons. But there are six types of quarks — top,

bottom, up, down, charm and strange. Theoretically many

diferent potential combinations could form other kinds of

baryons. Unlike a proton, which is made up of only up and down

quarks, the new entity has two charm quarks.

This is the irst time that researchers have seen two charm

quarks in a baryon and therefore, throws new light on the

relationship between the most fundamental forces of nature.

The mass of the newly identiied particle is about 3621 MeV,

which is almost four times heavier than the proton.

13) Correct and timely diagnosis of TB

is the first step in treating the disease

and preventing its spread. Unfortunately,

both the private and

public sector in India heavily rely

on smear microscopy as the initial

diagnostic test. This is despite

smear microscopy’s ability to diagnose

only about 50% of the positive

cases. The over-reliance on the

century-old method becomes particularly

worrying as the private

sector caters to 70% of TB patients.

The problem becomes exacerbated

with only about 735 Xpert

MTB/RIF molecular diagnostic machines

— a better TB diagnostic tool

— available at reference or tertiary

hospitals across the country.

Except for one

province of China, India is the only

country that continues using intermittent

dosing (thrice weekly) during

the intensive phase of treatment,

says the report. Unlike the

daily regimen, the thrice-weekly

approach more than triples drug

resistance risk.

Though India’s TB control policy

follows WHO’s guidance for bedaquiline

drug for adults with MDRTB,

the drug is currently available

only in five cities — Ahmedabad,

Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai and


“Delamanid, which is another

drug to treat MDR-TB, has been approved

for use in India by the Drug

Controller General of India.

14) Taking ibuprofen and related


painkillers could have unintended

and worrisome consequences

for people who

vigorously exercise. These

popular medicines, known

as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory

drugs, or NSAIDs,

work by suppressing inflammation.

But according

to two new studies, in the

process they potentially

may also overtax the kidneys

during prolonged exercise

and reduce muscles’

ability to recover afterwar

15)dark web and bitcoins are being used for drug peddling

16)Asmara (capital of Eritrea) and Hoh xil nature preserve(china) have been declared as World heritage sites by unesco recently.

July 10

1) Arnos Paathiri was the first

to compile a Malayalam

dictionary. It describes

Malayalam words both in

Sanskrit and Portuguese. He

also wrote a short and

succinct grammar for the

Malayalam language

2) The protest by the villagers

of Vemulaghat(A P) reached the

400th day on Sunday.

Vemualghat is the only

village under the proposed

Mallannasagar Reservoir

that has been protesting

against the government orders

and demanding implementation

of Right to

Fair Compensation in Land

Acquisition, Rehabilitation

and Resettlement Act –


3) Concerns regarding a buildup

of resistance to antiviral

drugs used to treat swine flu

are surfacing, after two such

drugs — Oseltamivir and

Zanamivir — were taken off

the restrictive Schedule X of

the Drugs and Comestics

Rules. Now under Schedule

H1, the drugs can be stocked

by all chemists.

Drugs under Schedule X require

three copies of prescription

for the doctor, patient

and chemist, and can

be sold by a chemist who

holds a special Schedule X licence.

Also, the chemist has

to preserve the prescription

copy for up to three years. In

Schedule H1, only one copy

of the prescription is required,

and drugs in this category

can be sold by all


4) The failure in Geneva last week of a round of talks

on the reuniication of Cyprus is by all measures a

huge diplomatic setback. This is not the irst time

the United Nations-backed dialogue between the breakaway

Turkish-Cypriot state in the north and the Greek-

Cypriot Republic of Cyprus has been deadlocked.

The split took place in 1974 when

Turkey invaded the north after an Athens-backed coup

in Cyprus aimed at annexing the island.

5) Doka La stand-of, at

the southern tip of the Chumbi Valley

where India, Bhutan, and China

meet, is perhaps the most signiicant

of all the border confrontations

that have roiled the India-China relationship

in recent years.

17 corps…camped at Panagarh..deterrent to china.

6) Gambler’s



A cognitive bias where an

individual believes that an

outcome is unlikely to happen

because it has already

happened a number of

times in the past. It is considered

a fallacy because

the chances that a random

event will occur in the future

does not in any way

depend on the frequency

of its occurrence in the

past. For example, a

flipped coin landing

“heads” up for 10 times in

a row does not increase

the chances of it landing

“tails” up when it is

flipped the next time. The

probability of the coin

landing either “heads” up

or “tails” up is still 50-50.

7) On the face of it, a relentless

battle between the European

Union and Norway in a

remote part of the Arctic is

about snow crabs.

But the real fight may go

beyond who gets to catch the

modest crustaceans around

Svalbard, a unique

Norwegian archipelago in

the Barents Sea.

What is really at stake is

oil, some experts say, and a

coming race for the

commodity of which there is

a lot in the polar region

8) Often dubbed “the pharmacy

of the world,” India is

home to the most FDA-approved

plants outside of the

U.S. and supplies about 40%

of the $70 billion worth of

generic drugs sold in the


But sanctions and bans

have damaged India’s reputation

and slowed growth in

the $16 billion sector

9) The U.S. economy is

roughly 16-17 trillion dollars,

China is about 10-11 trillion

dollars, India is around two

[trillion]. And India’s nominal

GDP per capita is still

very low.

China is seen as more innovative in IT than India.


10) You stand in a queue in a supermarket

to pay your bills,

if another stranger tries to

jump the line you are bound

to get upset. This is because

you believe you own the

place in the line. This belief

is called anchoring in behavioural


When we buy a stock at a

certain price, the investor

gets anchored to the price at

which he has bought the

stock. All the future decisions

of the retail investor

get anchored to the price.

Under the normal practice

of the investor, if the price

drops significantly he or she

will not sell the stock and

switch to a more profitable

investment. They wait for

years for the stock to return

to its original price before

selling the stock.


11) Curcumin, the basic ingredient

of turmeric, when administered

in a nanoparticle

formulation has several favourable

properties in the

treatment of tuberculosis in

mice, researchers have


Prof. Gobardhan Das from

the Special Centre for Molecular

Medicine, Jawaharlal

Nehru University ( JNU) Delhi

and his team found nanoparticle

curcumin to be five

times more bioavailable

(which is the proportion of

drug that enters circulation

after introduction into the

body) in mice, than regular

curcumin, and was able to

drastically reduce liver toxicity

induced by TB drug


More importantly, treatment

of TB with isoniazid

along with 200 nanometre

curcumin nanoparticles led

to “dramatically reduced”

risk of disease reactivation

and reinfection.

Treatment with anti-tuberculosis

drugs takes about sixnine

months in the case of

drug-sensitive TB and 12-24

months for drug-resistant

  1. Besides improper use,

the long duration to complete

treatment substantially

increases the risk of TB bacteria

developing resistance.

Host-directed therapy

Because of the increased

bioavailability of curcumin,

the duration of treatment to

achieve complete eradication

of the bacteria is reduced


“The treatment time required

for complete eradication

of bacteria was reduced

by 50% in the case of mice,”

says Prof. Das.


July 11


1) Articles 105 and 194 clearly lay

down that the “power, privileges

and immunities of the legislature

shall be as may from time to time

be deined by the legislature, and

until so deined, shall be those of

the House of Commons”. The expression

“until so deined” does

not mean an absolute power not to

define privileges at all.

Our legislators also have protection

from arrest in civil cases 40

days before the session, during the

session and 40 days after the session.

The exemption from arrest is

also available for meetings. If we

count the days of three Parliamentary

sessions and meetings then our

MPs have protection from arrest

for more than 365 days in a year


2) July 11 has been designated by the

United Nations as World Population

Day. The UN chooses one aspect of

population to draw attention to each

year; this year the theme is access to

family planning.

3)in north india because of high fertility rate youths will increase and because of less fertility rate elders will increase in the south .So there will be migration of working people from north to south and we have to get ready for that.

4) They say

people generally do not

accept paper as currency,

as it has very little intrinsic

value. But once a paper

currency is established as

a money by the government,

it can continue to

perform its functions

smoothly, even in the absence

of the government

that created it. This, they

say, is because people

have already accepted it as


5) India is aiming to break new

ground in its tea exports

with an entry into Chile

where it had recently taken a


6) A men-only island in Japan

where women are banned

and male visitors must bathe

naked in the sea before visiting

its shrine, has been declared

a UNESCO World Heritage


The tiny landmass of

Okinoshima is permanently

manned by a Shinto priest

who prays to the island’s

goddess, in a tradition that

has been kept up for


Limited numbers are permitted

to land on the island

in the Sea of Japan (East Sea)

— this year it was 200 — for a

yearly festival that lasts just

two hours, but they must adhere

to strict rules.

July 12

1) Kozhikode has become the

first city in the State to have a

comprehensive master plan

with the State government

approving the draft of the

Joint Town Planning Committee


2)goat pox is in kerala..came from Rajasthan it seems.

3)Godavari is India’s second longest river and efforts to understand its pollution patterns are being done.

4) Rajasthan has become the

country’s first State to lay

down the minimum educational

qualifications for contesting

elections to village

cooperative societies and

various other cooperative


The educational qualifications

will range from Class V

to Class VIII for election as

members of governing

boards of dairy societies,

farming societies, consumer

societies, weavers’ societies,

housing construction societies,

urban banks, primary

land development banks,

credit societies, salary

earners’ societies and cooperative


5) According to estimates by Goldman

Sachs last year, even a 1% increase in rates by the

Federal Reserve alone would lead to losses anywhere

between $1 trillion and $2.4 trillion to bondholders.

This is bigger than the losses incurred during any other

bond collapse in history. Even more important will be

the risks to the broader economy from an end to the

present regime of historically low interest rates. For almost

a decade now, investment decisions have been

based on low interest rates and high levels of liquidity.

An increase in rates, combined with lower levels of liquidity,

will require a change in business decisions and

a reallocation of resources. This will mean some

amount of unavoidable economic pain. In such a scenario,

it will not be a total surprise if central banks decide

to step back from their plans to normalise rates.

6) In India, 70% of women say that

their families cannot afford to buy

sanitary pads.

A 12 % tax on sanitary pads should be reduced or completely abolished to make napkins more affordabale.

7) Eight years ago, in Bihar’s Bettiah district (also known as West

Champaran), someone had worked out a simple solution to

ensure that quality food was served.

The district administration decided to enrol mothers, who

kept a watch on what their children were fed in mid-day meals

at school. The logic: which mother would cheat on feeding her

own? On the blackboard, the menu of the day was displayed.

On the rolls were mothers who cooked nutritious meals for the


(this will be better than providing fortified foods)

8) A military doctrine, also

known as the doctrine of

mutually assured destruction,

which states that

when two adversaries possess

nuclear weapons,

neither of them is likely to

use them. This is because

both sides are likely to suffer

severe losses from a

nuclear attack, irrespective

of who attacks first.

The MAD doctrine is considered

an application of

the Nash equilibrium,

wherein the threat of a

strong retaliatory attack

prevents both sides from

initiating a conflict. The

result is lasting prevention

of a nuclear attack. The

doctrine has been criticised

for assuming that the

victim of the first attack

will possess sufficient capabilities

after the attack to

retaliate strongly.

9) The sixth mass extinction of

life on Earth is unfolding

more quickly than feared,

scientists have warned.

More than 30% of animals

with a backbone — fish,

birds, amphibians, reptiles

and mammals — are declining

in both range and population,

according to the first

comprehensive analysis of

these trends.

On an average, two vertebrate

species disappear

every year.

Tropical regions have

seen the highest number of

declining species.



Arjun here.From Kottakkal, Kerala,India. I am interested in anything that is interesting and writing comes among the top of that list. I read,I write,I live.

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